Macular Degeneration Symptoms: What Are The Early Symptoms?

ARMD is a degenerative condition of the central portion of the eye.

ARMD risk factors include:

  • Increasing age
  • Smoking
  • Family History of ARMD
  • Caucasian ethnicity
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Macular Degeneration symptoms will depend on its severity and type. There are two types of ARMD: dry and wet.

    The dry form of the disease is less severe. It is referred as dry because it is not characterized by bleeding or leaking blood vessels.

    In this case, symptoms may include:

  • Gradual, painless distortion or loss of central vision
  • Distortion of straight lines
  • Blurred vision
  • Color distortion
  • Reduced Contrast Sensitivity and problems with glare
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    The wet form is marked by subretinal choroidal neovascularization (development of new, fragile blood vessels under the Retina). It is characterized by bleeding and/or leaking vessels. Severe central visual loss in wet ARMD is often rapid.

    These symptoms summarize the impact on vision, but the impact of these symptoms on you as a whole may be overlooked, even by your eye doctor. Please do not feel like you are alone. Unfortunately, ARMD is the leading cause of blindness in many of the developed countries of the world such as the US, the UK, and Australia.

    Your vision loss will affect you financially as you try to find equipment to better function with your disability such as Low Vision Aids and Closed Circuit Televisions. You will need to visit an Orientation and Mobility specialist or may have to get assistance with activities of daily living (ADL).

    Your ability to read, participate in leisure activities and shop can be impacted along with the loss of ability to drive, which will affect your independence.

    These difficulties have been associated with increased risk of

  • Hip fractures
  • Nursing Home placements
  • Death
  • It is no wonder that you are three times more likely to develop depression than your peers with normal vision. It is normal that you would experience concerns, frustration and annoyance in relation to your quality of life.

    Besides seeking treatment for the actual Eye Disease, you want to be able to find the available resources to mediate the negative impact of ARMD on your daily life.


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